4th WAAD Int'l Conference

Education, Gender & Sustainable Development In the Age of Globalization

Abuja, Nigeria; August 3-8, 2009
About the Conference

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2nd WAAD Conference–Indianapolis, Indiana

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Second International Conference on Women in Africa & the African Diaspora (WAAD)
Theme:
Women in Africa & the African Diaspora: Health & Human Rights
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA (October 23—27, 1998)

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Udummili (Rainy Saeson), acrylic, 1993
Artist: Obiora Udechukwu
©

CONFERENCE DESCRIPTION

BACKGROUND

In July 1992, over 700 researchers, activists, policy makers, and students from all continents assembled in Nsukka—a rural town in southeastern Nigeria—for the first international conference on “Women in Africa and the African Diaspora: Bridges across Activism and the Academy” (WAAD). Committed to building bridges across racial, gender, ethnic, class, locational, national, and disciplinary boundaries, the organizers invited researchers, activists, policy makers, and students irrespective of gender, race, ethnicity, or national origin. The first WAAD conference accomplished its goals and put in place forward-looking strategies for continuing its work. The networking that prevailed at Nsukka laid the foundation for collaboration between Africa and the African Diaspora as well as the emergence of some NGOs—on gender and the media, and widowhood—in Africa. WAAD ’92 conference generated a ten-volume proceedings of over 200 original papers on women in Africa and the African Diaspora, and saw the beginning of the Association of African Women Scholars (AAWS), a co-sponsor of WAAD ‘98. We anticipate that the second conference will be a forum for consolidating gains and charting new paths towards more successes.

THE PRESENT CONTEXT (Why now? Why Indiana?)

In the spirit and tradition of WAAD, the second conference will promote bridge-building between Africa and African Diaspora, urban and rural, town and gown, scholar and activist, faculty and student, theorists and practitioners, and across disciplines. Locally and internationally, 1998 provides an appropriate context for the WAAD conference. The city of Indianapolis plans a year-long series of events, “Africa Celebration ’98,” which will showcase the complexity, diversity, and rich cultures of Africa. Indianapolis has a strong Black community that has ties to Black philanthropic tradition. Besides being a World Health Organization (WHO) city, Indianapolis is the site of the world’s largest School of Nursing and a Women’s Studies Program (IUPUI) that is strongly committed to the study of black women in general and women’s health and Africa/African American related issues. With a top rate African Studies Program (Bloomington) and strong African American Program and Program on International Human Rights in its Indianapolis campus, Indiana University is an ideal location for the discussion of the issues of he conference. Also, 1998 marks the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The WAAD conference will be one of the events organized worldwide to celebrate this important anniversary and set in motion forward-looking strategies for promoting universal human rights.

THE CONFERENCE (focus/sub-themes)

The interdisciplinary focus of the second WAAD conference is a crucial one. Presenters will discuss health not only as a physical and medical question but, in a broader sense, as a social issue, by examining health issues as they relate to the economy, education, human rights, militarization, cultural practices, the environment, the arts, ethnic conflicts, refugee problems, etc., in the context of global interdependence and international politics. Presentations will include recent trends in morbidity and mortality in women of African descent, sociocultural factors which impact the health of women of African descent, and the impact of changing focus of medical research. In addition to the focus on the urgent need to facilitate appropriate medical research for women of African descent, discussions will also address the ways in which health issues are imagined in the arts or how dramatic changes in climatic conditions with resultant dislocations and food shortages, changes in economic and social policies (the welfare system in the US and the immigration question in Europe, for example) and the escalation of ethnic politics and armed conflicts on the African continent impact the health and human rights of women of African descent. Participants will address human rights questions in a holistic way by linking socio-economic rights to civil and political rights. The conference will allow participants to not only learn what the problems are but also to share, celebrate, and learn from success stories. Workshops, panels, and forums, will focus on the following:

SUB-THEMES

Aging/Menopausal
Cancer
Child and Maternal Health
CNS Disorders and Mental Health
Environmental Concerns (impact of technology and industry)
Female Genital Surgeries
Female morbidity and mortality
Health Care Policy
HIV-AIDS and STDs
Hypertension
Interdisciplinarity (role of the humanities)
Medical Research
Preventative Care
Refugee Problems
Religious Fundamentalism and Cultural Practices
Reproductive Health
Substance Abuse
Success Stories
Teenage Pregnancy/Early Marriage
Violence on women (rape, domestic abuse, etc.)
Traditional Medicine/Birth
War and Ethnic Conflicts
Widowhood

FORMAT

There will be keynote/plenary speeches, panel presentations, workshops, forums, town meetings, art exhibitions, photo/slide presentations, and film screening. Because the conference is designed to encourage strong participation from the larger community (individuals and organizations), attempts will be made to put in place non-threatening forums and settings that will encourage free flow of information and exchanges.

TARGET AUDIENCE

Scholars, students, academicians, activists, independent scholars, practitioners, policy makers, health care providers, human rights advocates and organizations, NGOs, community organizations, governments, and international and local agencies. WAAD welcomes all participants irrespective of gender, color, class, religious affiliation, ethnicity, national origin, etc.

OUTCOME

Awareness

Define problems through situation analysis and synthesis
Define ongoing multivariate research models and project idea list—research implementation, resolution, replication, reporting of best practices
Identify minimal essentials to achieve level playing field for progress toward holistic health for women in Africa and the African diaspora
Draft policy recommendations from community-based responses through
standardized survey cards
Publication and Dissemination of Information
Preparation of conference proceedings
Publication of selected papers
Publication of Guide to Funding Sources for NGOs
Publication of Women’s Whole Health Guide (Guide will include proficiencies, directory of resources and community assistance centers, resources for training, and dates for WAAD Conference III)
Outreach initiatives (artistic, electronic, and print) for Indianapolis schools (K-12), Indianapolis community, the state of Indiana, and teleconferencing sites in Africa and USA.

Research

Initiation, consolidation, and/or pursuance of collaborative work (education, advocacy, research) with NGOs and community organizations
Preliminary discussion/planning for the establishment of the Center for the Study of Women in Africa and the African Diaspora (CENWAAD).

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PARTICIPATING COUNTRIES & ORGANIZATIONS

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Participating Countries

Australia Italy South Africa
Bangladesh Ivory Coast Sudan
Botswana Kenya Swaziland
Belize Mali Sweden
Burkina Faso Morocco Switzerland
Cameroon Netherlands Tanzania
Canada Nigeria Togo
Egypt Norway Uganda
Gambia Pakistan United Kingdom
Germany Sao Tome & Principe USA
Ghana Senegal Zimbabwe
India


Participating Organizations

Association of African Women Scholars—Global
Association Malienne pour le Suivi et L’Orientation des Pratiques
Traditionnelles (A. M. S. O. P. T)—Mali
ADEFRA—Germany
Alianca Nacional Das ACM-YMCA—Sao Tome & Principe
Amnesty International—Togo
Asele Institute—Nigeria
AVSC International—USA

Belize Rural Women’s Association—Belize
British Institute in Eastern Africa—Kenya
Center for Adolescent Research Education and Sexuality (CARES/CAP)—USA
Center for Reproductive Law and Policy—USA
Center for Rural Development and Co-Operatives—Nigeria
Center for Women and Adolescent Empowerment—Nigeria
CIEPAC—Senegal
CERSA-Women’s Health Medical Research Council—South Africa
Federation of Women Lawyers—Kenya
Grassroots Studies Network (GSN)—Nigeria
Inter-African Committee (IAC) on Traditional Practices affecting
Health of Women & Children—Switzerland
Institute for Education of Women in Africa and the Diaspora—Ivory Coast
Management Development Institute—The Gambia
Medical Research Council—South Africa
Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights—USA
Mouvement de la Jeunesse Euro-Méditérranéenne—Morocco
National Association of Democratic Lawyers (NADEL)—South Africa
National Council of Women—Kenya
Nigerian Association of University Women (NAUW-Abuja Chapter)—Nigeria
NISER—Nigeria
OWACID—Nigeria
Radio Gambia—The Gambia
Réseau de Communication d’Information, de Formation des Femmes dans les ONG au Burkina Faso (RECIF/ONG-BF)—Burkina Faso
Rural Women Foundation (RWF)—Nigeria
SADAOC—Burkina Faso

Sindh Rural Women’s Uplift Group—Pakistan
Southern African Regional Institute for Policy Studies (SAPES)—Zimbabwe
Tam Tam Femme—Italy
Truth and Reconciliation Commission—South Africa
Widows Organization International—Nigeria
Women and Human Rights Documentation Center—South Africa
Women Education and Development Association (WEDA)—Nigeria
Women in Nigeria (Edo State)—Nigeria
Women’s Health and Action Research Center (WHARC)—Nigeria
Women’s Health Promotion Project (WHPP)—Nigeria
Women in Development-Network (WID-N)—Nigeria
Women’s Issues Communication Services Agency (WISCA)—Nigeria
Women’s Research and Documentation Center (WORDOC)—Nigeria
Y. W. C. A. (Anambra State)—Nigeria

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FINAL PROGRAM
Second WAAD Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA (October 23-27, 1998)
OBIOMA NNAEMEKA, Convenor


For
Dr. Nawal El Saadawi

ORGANIZERS

Association of African Women Scholars
The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis
Women’s Studies Program, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis
Program in International Human Rights Law, Indiana University, Indianapolis

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SPONSORS

Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolia
Arts Council of Indianapolis/Africa Celebration ‘98
African Studies Program, Indiana University, Bloomington
Women’s Studies Program, IUPUI
School of Liberal Arts, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis

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PLANNING COMMITTEE

Dr. Obioma Nnaemeka (Convenor)
Dr. Omofolabo Ajayi-Soyinka
Dr. Regina Turner Barclay
Ms. Caterina Cregor Blitzer
Dr. Tanella Boni
Dr. York Bradshaw
Ms. Linda Bright
Ms. Marian Carpenter
Dr. Virginia DeLancey
Dr. Anne Donchin
Prof. George Edwards
Dr. Victor Egwu
Ms. Karen Hargett
Dr. Naana Banyiwa Horne
Dr. Barbara Jackson
Ms. Mashariki Jywanza
Ms. Uzoamaka Maduka
Dr. Michael C. Mbabuike
Dr. Emily Moore
Ms. Nwamaka Ndukwe


Mr. Phillip Ndukwe
Dr. Chimalum Nwankwo
Mr. Peter Obidiegwu
Ms. Sarah Obidiegwu
Ms. Obiageli Obikwelu
Dr. Chinyere Okafor
Prof. Julie Okpala
Ms. Paula Parker-Sawyers
Ms. Tristine Perkins
Ms. Gail Plater
Prof. Amanda Porterfield
Prof. Marguerite Shephard
Dr. Pamela Smith
Dr. Phyllis Stern
Ms. Jane Unsworth
Dr. Opportune Zongo

SPECIAL THANKS TO

Her Excellency, Henriette Conté, First Lady of the Republic of Guinea
Mama Adokuwa-Asigble IV, Queen Mother of Tefle, N. C. C. E Member, Ghana
His Excellency Mohamed Aly Thiam, Ambassador of Guinea to the US, Brazil & Haiti
Noeline Jaotody, Minister of Population, Madagascar
Alice Razafinakanga, Minister of Civil Service, Madagascar
Henriette Rahantalalao, Minister of Health, Madagascar
Alice Tiendrébeogo, Le Ministre de la Promotion de la Femme, Burkina Faso
Congresswoman Julia Carson
John Hall, Deputy Mayor of Indianapolis
Gerald L. Bepko, Chancellor, IUPUI
Peg Brand, First Lady of Indiana University System
William Plater, Dean of Faculties, IUPUI
Herman Saatkamp, Jr., Dean, School of Liberal Arts, IUPUI
Angela McBride, Dean of the School of Nursing, IUPUI
Nawal El Saadawi, Egypt
Miriam Langsam, Associate Dean, School of Liberal Arts, IUPUI
Robert White, Associate Dean, School of Liberal Arts, IUPUI
Clairette Joseph Rakoto, Director of Women’s Affairs, Madagascar
Juliette Randriamihamison, Director General of Women’s Affairs, Madagascar
Anne Donchin, Professor of philosophy, IUPUI
Michael Mbabuike, Professor of Humanities, Hostos College/CUNY
Julie Okapala, Professor of Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Amanda Porterfield, Director, Women’s Studies Program, IUPUI
Tola Mosadomi, Professor of French, Tulane University, New Orleans
Joy Ezeilo, Coordinator, Women in Nigeria (Enugu State)
Pamela Smith, Professor of English, University of Omaha, Nebraska
Opportune Zongo, Professor of french, Bowling Green State University
Chinyere Okafor, Professor of English, University of Swaziland
Omofolabo Ajayi-Soyinka, Professor of Women’s Studies/Theatre, University of Kansas
Naana Banyiwa Horne, Professor of English, Indiana University, Kokomo
Gail Plater, Assistant to the Dean/External Affairs, School of Liberal Arts, IUPUI
Ike Nnaemeka, Indiana University, Bloomington
Uche Nnaemeka, Park Tudor School, Indianapolis
Amaka & Phillip Ndukwe, Dallas, Texas
Peter & Sarah Obidiegwu, The Presidency, Abuja, Nigeria
Sara Allaie, Associate Director/Services, International Affairs, IUPUI
Uzoamaka Maduka, Assistant to Conference Convenor
Obiageli & Obiora Obikwelu, Minnesota, Minneapolis
Jerry Obidiegwu, Beecham, Nigeria
Kerrie Kikendall, IUPUI Student
Harriet Rodenberg, University Place Hotel, IUPUI
Jane Unsworth/Karen Hargett, Secretaries, Women’s Studies, IUPUI

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GOODWILL MESSAGES

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PROGRAM IN BRIEF

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 23

4 : 00 P. M. – 9 : 00 P. M. REGISTRATION

7 : 30 P. M. – 9 : 30 P. M. OPENING CEREMONY

Keynote: Women’s Health: Developing a Research Agenda,

Dr. Angela McBride, Distinguished Professor & University Dean, Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 24

9 : 00 A. M. – 6 : 00 P. M. REGISTRATION

8 : 00 A. M. – 10 : 00 A. M. SESSION I

10 : 15 A. M. – 12 : 15 P. M. SESSION II

3 : 00 P. M. – 5 : 00 P. M. SESSION III

7 : 30 P. M. – MIDNIGHT DINNER/DANCE

SUNDAY, OCTOBER 25

9 : 00 A. M. – 4 : 00 P. M. REGISTRATION

8 : 15 A. M. – 10 :15 P. M. SESSION IV

10 : 30 A .M. – 12 : 30 P. M. SESSION V

1 : 00 P. M. – 3 : 00 P. M. LUNCHEON

Keynote: Women, Religion, and Postmodernism, Nawal El Saadawi (Egypt), Physician, Writer, Leading Feminist Scholar/Activist

3 : 30 P. M. – 5 : 30 P. M. SESSION VI

7 : 30 P. M. – 10 : 00 P. M. PERFORMANCES/POETRY READING

MONDAY, OCTOBER 26

9 : 00 A. M. – 4 : 00 P. M. REGISTRATION

8 : 15 A. M. – 10 : 15 A. M. SESSION VII

10 : 30 A. M – 12 : 30 P.M. SESSION VIII

2 : 30 P. M. – 4 : 30 P. M. SESSION IX

7 : 30 P. M. – 10 : 00 P. M. PLENARY SESSION

Facing the New Millennium: Righting the Wrongs, Reclaiming Our Rights—Conversations on Health & Human Rights Issues Affecting Women of African Descent

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 27

Tuesday, 7 : 30 A. M. – 9 : 30 A. M. SESSION X

Tuesday, 9 : 45 A. M. – NOON PLENARY SESSION

Town Meeting: Women, Africa/African Diaspora, and the Future of WAAD

CLOSING CEREMONY

PROGRAM IN DETAIL

FRIDAY, 4:00 – 9:00 P. M.: REGISTRATION

FRIDAY, 7 : 30 P. M. – 9 : 30 P. M.: OPENING CEREMONY

Keynote: Women’s Health: Developing a Research Agenda, Dr. Angela McBride, Distinguished Professor & University Dean, Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis

SATURDAY, 8 : 00 A. M. – 6 : 00 P. M.: REGISTRATION

SESSION I

SATURDAY, 8 : 00 A. M. – 10 : 00 A. M.

(I-I) Women Working for Change (Room 216)

Chair: Tobe Levin von Gleichen, University of Maryland European Division, USA & Wolfgang Goethe University, Germany

Grace Wambwa, AVSC International, USA, COPE: Quality Improvement and Women’s Reproductive Health

Mama Adokuwa-Asigble IV, Queen Mother of Tefle, N. C. C. E. Member, Ghana, The “Trokosi” System in Ghana: Origins and the Struggle for Transformation

Linda Anyaegbu, Bayero University, Nigeria, Nigerian Women and the Beijing Platform for Action

Tobe Levin von Gleichen, University of Maryland European Division, USA & Wolfgang Goethe University, Germany, Campaigning against Female Genital Mutilation: Initiatives from Germany

Discussant: Barbara Kalima, University of Zambia, Zambia

(I-II) The Contexture of Non Governmental Organizations (Room 232)

Chair: Joel Nicholson, San Francisco State University, USA

Eetiyah Baht-Israel, Hebrew Israelite Community of Jerusalem, USA, A Miracle in the Desert: The African-American Presence in Israel—”The African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem”

Claudia Landini, Tam Tam Femme, Italy, Complexity of Cultural Exchange among Women

Aïcha Tamboura, RECIF/ONG, Burkina Faso, Femmes et Santé au Burkina Faso

Joel Nicholson, and Besem Obenson, San Francisco State University, USA, A Cameroon-based NGO Focusing on Women’s Rights and Issues

Discussant: Yvette Monga, Johns Hopkins University, USA

(I-III) Gendered Perspectives on HIV/AIDS (Room 236)

Chair: Davidson Umeh, John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY, USA

Osei Darkwa, University of Illinois at Chicago, and Dorie Gilbert-Martinez, University of Texas at Austin, USA, AIDS among African and African American Women: Towards a Comprehensive Understanding of the Underlying Structural, Cultural, and Biological Factors

Basilida Mutoro, Moi University, Kenya, The Impact of Gender Differentiation, Cultural, Social and Economic Factors in the Spread of HIV/AIDS in Kenya

Stella Babalola, Johns Hopkins University, USA, Poverty, Adolescence Sexuality, and the Shadow of AIDS: A Study of Young Motor Park Workers in Lagos, Nigeria

Davidson Umeh, John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY, USA, HIV/AIDS in Africa: How Women Are Infected

Discussant: Francisca Omorodion, Women’s Health and Research Center, Nigeria

(I-IV) Social Dimensions of Reproductive Health in Nigeria (Room 223)

Chair: Florence Asobie, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Chikezie Anyanwu, Grassroots Studies Network, Nigeria, Reproductive Health and Rights: The Case of Grassroots Women in Nigeria’s Middle Belt

George Alemnji, Projet Presica, Cameroon, Infertility in Nigeria: The Need for a Balanced Emphasis

Chike Emma-Agim, Lagos, Nigeria, The Relationship between Infertility and Divorce or Bigamy: Nigeria as a Case Study

Florence Asobie, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Explaining the Rate of Attendance at Antenatal Clinics by Women in Nigeria

Discussant: Ada Muotoe-Okafor, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

(I-V) Workshop I—Women’s Health Advocacy in Nigeria: Women in Nigeria (WIN) Activities and Strategies for the 21st Century (Room 226)

Organizers: Joy Ezeilo, Edith Ejoh, Joy Ogbazi, Nkechi Mbanefo, Chidi Ogwuaku, Obiageli Obikwelu, Sarah Obidiegwu, Catherine Ogbuefi, Nwamaka Ndukwe, Florence Asobie

(I-VI) Workshop II: Building Bridges through Research and Training Collaborations (Room 102)

Organizer: Trude Bennett, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

SESSION II

SATURDAY, 10 : 15 A. M. – 12 : 15 P. M.

(II-I) Waging War and Making Peace: Women at the Center of Armed Conflicts (Room 102)

Chair: Julia Aker Duany, Indiana University at Bloomington, USA

Alice Hashim, University of Louisville, USA, Violence against Women: The Politics and Health Repercussions of Mass Rape and the Possibilities of International Legal Remedies

Simonne Ruff, York University, Canada, After the Crisis: Analyzing Conceptualizations of Health in a Kenyan Refugee Camp

Peter Hitchcock, Baruch College/CUNY, USA, The Discourse of Woman in the Algerian Crisis

Julia Aker Duany, Indiana University at Bloomington, USA, Making Peace: A Report on Grassroots Peace Efforts by Women in Southern Sudan

Discussant: Joy Ogbazi, University of Nigeria at Enugu, Nigeria

(II-II) Women in the Agricultural Sector: Health and Environmental Issues

(Room 223)

Chair: Charlotte Anokwa, Butler University, USA

Funmi Soetan, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, Poverty, Health, and the Environment: A Study of Female Farmers in Rural Southwestern Nigeria

Joseph Opefeyitimi, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, Aspects of Human Rights and Health Issues in the Lives of Yoruba Women

Ngozi Ajuonu, Lagos, Nigeria, Agriculture in Nigeria: Women as Breadwinners and Implications for Women’s Health

Charlotte Anokwa, Butler University, USA, Women’s Participation in Practice: Lessons from an FAO Program

Discussant: Nkechi Mbanefoh, Univertsity of Nigeria, Nigeria

(II-III) Widowhood in Igboland: Women as Tools and Victims of Patriarchal Violence (Room 226)

Chair: Doris Egonu, University of Nigeria at Nsukka

Pat Okoye, Women in Development Network, Nigeria, Widowhood in Igboland: A Natural or Cultural Tragedy?

Ify Elebo, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria, The Influence of Local Customs on the Health and Human Rights of Widows: A Case Study of Idemili South Local Government Area in Anambra State of Nigeria

Rosy Chukwu, Widows Organization International, Nigeria, Widowhood: A Debasement of Womanhood in Traditional African Society—A Case Study of the Igbo of Nigeria

Doris Egonu, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Challenging the Hidden Face of Oppression: Education as Antidote to Widowhood Practices in Igboland

Discussant: Ada Azodo, Indiana University Northwest, USA

(II-IV) African American Women and Health Policies in the US: Problem and Solutions (Room 236)

Chair: Patricia Goggans, University of Arizona, USA

Lisa Eckenwiler, Old Dominion University, and Lisa Boyd, University of Georgia, USA, Promoting Justice in Health Care for African-American Women: Storytelling, the “Moral Point of View” and Ideals of Democracy

Rae Banks, and Assata Zerai, Syracuse University, USA, A Crack Mother’s Nightmare: Public Discourse, Social Policy and Anti-Drug Laws Legitimating the Withdrawal of Resources from Poor Women of Color

Augustella Clay, Philadelphia, USA, New Millennium Strategies for “Silent” Maladies Affecting Women of African-American Descent

Discussant: Janie Canty-Mitchell, Indiana University at Indianapolis, USA

(II-V) Gender and Race Questions in the Body Politic (Room 232)

Chair: Julie Okpala, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria

Nancy Hunt, University of Michigan, USA, Natalisms, Privacies, and Body-Marking in Colonial Africa: A Comparative History

Naana Banyiwa Horne, Indiana University at Kokomo, USA, The Female Body Politic: Literary Inscriptions of Dis-Ease and Violence

Omofolabo Ajayi-Soyinka, University of Kansas, USA, The Price of the Prize: Changing Perspectives of Womanhood and the Body Beautiful

Julie Okpala, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Black Is Healthy: Awareness of Environmental Consequences of Lightening of Black Skin

Discussant: Pamela Smith, University of Nebraska at Omaha, USA

(II-VI) Workshop III—Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria: The Suffering, the Sorrow, the Set Back (Room 216)

Organizers: Women’s Issues Communication Services Agency, Nigeria (Joy Ashibuogwu, Mabel Otolorin, and Nkiru Onono)

SESSION III

SATURDAY, 3 : 00 P. M. – 5 : 00 P. M.

(III-I) Culture without Borders & the Law: Revisting Widowhood Practices

(Room 102)

Chair: Scholastica Obenson, Ngozi, Cameroon

Uche Ewelukwa, Harvard University, USA, Widows in Africa: Caught Between Tradition, The Courts and Survival

Naana Banyiwa Horne, Indiana University at Kokomo, USA, Widowhood: Consciously Scripted Erasures of Female Personhood

Catherine Ogbuefi and Jeremiah Obidiegwu, Women’s Issues Communication Services Agency, Nigeria, Land Rights and Economic Consequencies of Widowhood in Igboland

Helena Asamoah, University of Science & Technology-Kumasi, Ghana, Widowhood Practices among the Akan of Ghana: Yesterday and Today

Scholastica Obenson, Ngozi, Cameroon, Widowhood in Africa: Legal and Social Ramifications

Discussant: Chinyelu Ojukwu, University of Port Harcourt, Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

(III-II) Moving across Borders: Gender and Problems of Immigration (Room 226)

Chair: Catherine Raissiguier, University of Cincinnati, USA

Romanus Muoneke, University of St. Thomas, Houston, USA, Coming to America: Issues and Problems of Migrant Nigerian Women in America

Sergut Wolde-Yohannes, Boston University, USA, Perceived Health Care Barriers of Ethiopian and Somali Refugees Residing in the Greater Boston Area

Sarah Rial Abushaka, American University in Cairo, Egypt, Strengthening Displaced Women’s Educational Status with Regard to Population Issues in Dar Es Salaam-Jebel Aulia (Sudan)

Catherine Raissiguier, University of Cincinnati, USA, Women from the Maghreb and Sub-Saharan Africa in France: Fighting for Health and Basic Human Rights

Discussant: Michael Mbabuike, Hostos College/CUNY, USA

(III-III) Holding up the Sky: Women in Cutting Edge Community Health Issues (Room 216)

Chair: Helen Nabasuta Mugambi, California State University at Fullerton, USA

Olufemi Kujore, University of Botswana, Botswana, Linking Nursing Education to Community and Community Programs in the Context of Primary Health Care in Nigeria

Violet Kanonuhwa, University of Missouri-Columbia, USA, The Potential Impact of Successful Intervention: School-based HIV/AIDS Education Programs to Empower Children in Zimbabwe

Tereza Namazzi, St. Mary’s Maternity Nursing Home, Uganda, and Margaret Muwonge, Gaithersburg, USA, The Medicine Women: Contribution and Impact of Private Midwives in Rural Uganda

Michele Balamani, Baraka Pastoral Counselling Center, USA, Depression in Women of African Descent: A Community Health Issue

Discussant: Tola Olu Pearce, University of Missouri-Columbia, USA

(III-IV) Combatting HIV/AIDS: The Community as Resource (Room 232)

Chair: Kisanga Gray, Florida International University, USA

Dorie Gilbert-Martinez, University of Texas at Austin, and Osei Darkwa, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA, AIDS Prevention among African Women: The Role of Women’s Organizations, Traditional Rulers, and Traditional Healers in Creating a Comprehensive Community-based AIDS Education and Prevention Program

Anna Huston, and Janie Canty-Mitchell, Indiana University at Indianapolis, USA, Case Studies of AIDS and African-American Women: Strategies for Promoting Culturally Sensitive Care

Kisanga Gray, Florida International University, USA, Political Unrest and Health Projects in Africa: “Projet SIDA” in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Ex-Zaïre)

Discussant: Inez Sutton, British Institute in East Africa, Kenya

(III-V) Learning Our Way: Issues in Mentoring, Learning, and Achievement

(Room 223)

Chair: Jacqualyn Green, Green Terprizes, USA

Elsie Ogbonna-Ohuche, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Reach Language for Health and Human Rights of African Women: The Case of Nigerian Rural Women

Irene Nwachukwu, Federal Ministry of Education, Lagos, Nigeria, Women’s Knowledge Level and Their Exercise of Reproductive Rights in a Rural Igbo Community

Elizabeth Eke and Elsie Umeano, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Socio-cultural Expectations and Their Fulfilment: Potential Landmines in the Lives of Educated Igbo Women

Jacqualyn Green, Green Terprizes, USA, Persistence: The Success of African Students and the Challenge for African American Students in Higher Education

Discussant: Kate Webster, University of Chicago, USA

(III-VI) Mapping Sexuality and Difference (Room 236)

Chair: Elias Bongmba, Rice University, USA

Silvia Gurrola Bonilla, Nittedal, Norway, Women’s Sexuality in Mozambique: Tradition vs. Violation of Human, Reproductive, and Sexual Rights

Kathleen Wininger, University of Southern Maine, USA, Fictions and Spectacles: Neocolonial Images of African Women

Brenda Jones, Iowa State University, USA, ENIGMA: Explorations into the Psychological, Emotional, and Social Complexities of Difference

Elias Bongmba, Rice University, USA, Sexuality in Africa: Towards a Phenomenology of Eros—A Preliminary Investigation

Discussant: Peter Hitchcock, Baruch College/CUNY, USA

SATURDAY, 7 : 30 P. M. – MIDNIGHT

DINNER/DANCE

(The Ashanti Room, 1529 North Alabama Street, Indianapolis)

SUNDAY, 9 : 00 A. M. – 4 : 00 P. M.: REGISTRATION

SESSION IV

SUNDAY, 8 : 15 A. M. – 10 : 15 A. M.

(IV-I) Women’s Health and Widow’s Rites (Room 216)

Chair: Chima Korieh, University of Adelaide, Australia

Ada Azodo, Indiana University Northwest, USA, Widowhood in Urban Enugu: Issues in Women’s Psychological Well-being after Marriage

Davidson Umeh, John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY, USA, Health Implications of Widowhood Practices in Africa

Ngozi Ojiakor, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria, Widowhood Rites and Rights in Anambra State: A Violation of Human Rights and an Affront on Women’s Health

Sarah Obidiegwu, Women in Nigeria, Nigeria, Widowhood in Anambra State: A Study in Human Rights and Psychological Health

Chima Korieh, University of Adelaide, Australia, Dependence and Autonomy: Widowhood, Gender, and Inheritance in Igbo Society

Discussant: Opportune Zongo, Bowling Green State University, USA

(IV-II) Information, Language & Technology: Issues in Women’s Health & Children’s Rights (Room 232)

Chair: Osei Darkwa, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

Ngozi Igwegbe, Medgar Evers College/CUNY, USA, Information Technology: An Empowerment Asset for Urban Women in Africa and the Diaspora

Nneka Osakwe, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria, and Ngozi Nwodo, University of Nigeria at Enugu, Nigeria, Creating Awareness about Children’s Rights: A Report on a Children’s Workshop in Nigeria

Joyce Abunaw, City University of New York, USA, Where Ignorance is Blisters: Information as Basis for the Social, Economic, and Political Health of the African Woman

Osei Darkwa, University of Illinois at Chicago, and Dorie Gilbert-Martinez, University of Texas at Austin, USA, Using Community Telecenters to Provide Access, Educate, and Promote the Health of Rural Women in Africa

Discussant: Olawale Albert, Women Research and Documentation Center, Nigeria

(IV-III) Reproductive Rights and the Law (Room 102)

Chair: Maryse Fontus, Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, USA

Ebele Ene, University of Benin, Nigeria, Family Planning, Fertility Control and the Law in Nigeria: The Choices for a New Century

Loretta Feris, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa, The Right to Reproductive Health in the South African Constitution: A Real Victory for Women?

Marie Eboh, Rivers State University of Science & Technology, Nigeria, African Women: Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

Maryse Fontus, and Cynthia Eyakuze, Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, USA, State of Reproductive Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa

Discussant: Chikezie Anyanwu, Grassroots Studies Network, Nigeria

(IV-IV) Economic Pressures and the Rights of the Girl Child (Room 226)

Chair: Uche Ewelukwa, Harvard University, USA

Olawale Albert, Women’s Research and documentation Center (WORDOC), Nigeria, Violence against the Girl-Child in Nigeria: Some Urban Case Studies

Cheryl Smith, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa, The Adolescent Girl in Difficult Circumstances: Intervention Program at the Tennyson House Street Shelter for Girls

Oluyemisi Bamgbose, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, Human Rights and Health Issues Arising from Street Trading among Yoruba Girls in Nigeria

Uche Ewelukwa, Harvard University, USA, The Girl Child in Africa, from Rhetoric to Action: Towards Economic Empowerment

Discussant: Joy Obika, Sole Administrator, Njikoka Local Government, Nigeria

(IV-V) Marriage, Stress, and Dis-Ease (Room 223)

Chair: Mona Phillips, Spelman College, USA

Uchenna Nzewi, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, and Ngozi Osisioma, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria, Marital Stress: The Case of Nigerian Women

Prudence Nwobi, Staten Island, USA, Health and Social Stress: The Marital Adjustment among Anambra State Women of Nigeria

Janet Olusi, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, Socio-econimic and Cultural Factors Perpetuating Violence against Women: The Case of Child Marriage in Nigeria

Mona Phillips, Spelman College, USA, How about a Bubble Bath?’: African American Women’s Stress and Carrying around/Caring for African American Children and Men

Discussant: Rose Acholonu, Imo State University at Owerri, Nigeria

(IV-VI) Visions of Women’s Health in Africa (Room 236)

Chair: Emily Moore, Iowa State University, USA

Lola Laniyan, Grassroots Studies Network, Nigeria, Women’s Reproductive Health and the Question of Rights in Nigeria: A Pictorial Presentation

Joy Ogbazi, University of Nigeria at Enugu, Nigeria, Patterns of Intra Urban Differentials in Women’s Health in Enugu, Nigeria

A. Odebiyi, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, Women’s Subordination and Implications for Women’s Health

Emily Moore, Iowa State University, USA, A Tithe: Asking Too Much of Life—Visions of Today and Realities of Tomorrow

Discussant: Brenda Jones, Iowa State University, USA

SESSION V

SUNDAY, 10 : 30 A.M.- 12 : 30 P. M.

(V-I) Female Circumcision as Site for Discourses on Human Rights (Room 102)

Chair: Elisabeth Bekers, University of Antwerp, Belgium

Corrine Packer, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands, The Impact of the Human Rights Discourse on the Incidence of Female Circumcision

Guillaume Zounlome, Notre Dame University, USA, Women’s Rights: Towards the Eradication of Female Genital Mutilation in Africa

Somaya El Bashir El Tayeb, Babiker Badri Scientific Association for Women’s Studies, Sudan, Female Circumcision as Violation of Women’s Rights: Designing Educational Materials

Elisabeth Bekers, University of Antwerp, Belgium, Dissecting Women’s Bodies: Female Genital Surgery in Nawal El Saadawi’s Fiction

Discussant: Zeinab Eyega, RAINBO, USA

(V-II) Gender, Health, and Human Rights in East Africa (Room 226)

Chair: Jean Kamau, Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA), Kenya

Innez Sutton, British Institute in East Africa, Kenya, The Rhetoric of Prostitution and Venereal Disease in Colonial East Africa

Margaret Wagah, Kenyatta University, Kenya, Women’s Reproductive Health: A Human Rights Drama in Developing Countries—Reflections on Kenya

Carol Black, Purdue University, USA, Sociological and Cultural Factors Placing Rural Women at Risk for AIDS in Southern and East Africa

Jean Kamau, Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA), Kenya, Unveiling the Mask of Privacy, Protecting Survivors of Violence against Women

Discussant: Cynthia Eyakuzie, Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, USA

(V-III) Women’s Education and Health: Culture and Religion as Impediments

(Room 232)

Chair: Mama Adokuwa-Asigble IV, Queen Mother of Tefle, N. C. C. E. Member, Ghana

Kate Webster, University of Chicago, USA, Socio-cultural Barriers to African Girls’ Education: Gender Discrimination and Sexual Violence in Kenya’s Secondary Schools

Adetokunbo Adeyeke-Abimbola, Lagos, Nigeria, The Influence of Culture, Custom, and Religion on the Education of Women in Nigeria

Felicia Akubue, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Status, Education, and Women’s Contributions in Africa

Michael Obinna, Rivers State University of Science & Technology, Nigeria, Women and Poverty of Language

Mama Adokuwa-Asigble IV, Queen Mother of Tefle, N. C. C. E. Member, Ghana, Liberating Enslaved Women from Local Traditional Religious Shrines

Discussant: Fatima Adamu, University of Bradford, UK

(V-IV) Circles of Power, Voices of Struggle and Resistance: Life Histories of Women of African Descent (Room 236)

Chair: Mary Kolawale, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

Dolana Mogadime, University of Toronto, Canada, Racial Differential Experiences of Employment Equity for Women Teachers: One Teacher’s Narrative of Resistance and Struggle

Mary Kolawale, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, Human Rights as Women’s Right: Re-writing South African Black Women’s Biography

Margaret Muwonge, Gaithersburg, USA, and Tereza Namazzi, St. Mary’s Maternity Nursing Home, Uganda, Midwifery in Rural Uganda: One Woman’s March in Community Building—The Story of Tereza Namazzi

Discussant: Gwendolyn Etter-Lewis, Western Michigan University, USA

(V-V) Roundtable I—African Women’s Rights and the Politics of AIDS: Ethical Issues in AZT Trials on African Mothers (Room 223)

Moderator: Marya Plotkin, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Panelists: Mary Glenn Fowler, NIAID/NIH, USA

Marya Plotkin, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Joy Ezeilo, Women in Nigeria/University of Nigeria, Nigeria

(V-VI) Roundtable II—African Men on African Women: Perspectives on Gender Relations and Women’s Rights (Room 216)

Moderator: Chimalum Nwankwo, North Carolina State University at Raleigh, USA

Panelists: Ayo Opefeyitimi, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

Elias Bongmba, Rice University, USA

Michael Mbabuike, Hostos College/CUNY, USA

Chima Korieh, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia

Philip Ndukwe, Dallas, USA

Davison Umeh, John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY, USA

Donald Egbujor, S & T Management & Consultant Services, Swaziland

Osei Darkwa, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

Chikezie Anyanwu, Grassroots Studies Network, Nigeria

Romanus Moneke, University of St. Thomas, USA

Olawale Albert, Women’s Research and Documentation Center, Nigeria

LUNCHEON

SUNDAY, 1 : 00 P. M. – 3 : 00 P. M.

Keynote: Women, Religion, and Postmodernism, Dr. Nawal El Saadawi (Egypt)—Physician, Writer, Leading Feminist Activist/Scholar

SESSION VI

SUNDAY, 3 : 30 P. M. – 5 : 30 P. M.

(VI-I) Contextualizing Reproductive Health (Room 226)

Chair: Nkoli Ezumah, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria

Agnes Odejide, Development Policy Center, Nigeria, Poverty, Gender Equality, Reproductive Health and Rights of Rural Women in Nigeria: The Case for Women’s Empowerment

Kim Jaffee, State University of New York at Albany, USA, A Conceptual Analysis of Low Birth Weight among African Americans in New York City: The Role of Residential Segregation

Nkoli Ezumah, and Kate Oreh, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting the Reproductive Health of Women in Obukpa, Nigeria

Folasade Iyun, University of Louisville, USA, Impact of Environmental Factors and Mother’s Situation on Childhood Mortality Differentials in Nigerian Urban Centers: Implications for Community Health

Discussant:: Mary Kolawale, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

(VI-II) Educating Women for Development and Health Care in Nigeria (Room 223)

Chair: Elizabeth Okeke, University of Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

Uche Nzewi, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, The Impact of Education on Nigerian Women’s Decision Making on Reproductive Health

Dorothy Udoh, University of Benin, Nigeria, Population Education as an Effective Tool for Improving Women’s Status in Nigeria

Elsie Ogbonna-Ohuche, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Multi-lingualism and the Issue of Effective Communication in Ensuring Better Family Health Care for Nigerian Rural Women

Elizabeth Okeke, University of Port-Harcourt, Nigeria, Female Education for Health Awareness: A Step Towards Achieving National Development in Nigeria

Discussant: Silvia Bonilla Gurrola, Health Alliance International, Norway

(VI-III) Health Policies and Research (Room 102)

Chair: Martha Banks, ABackans DCP, Inc., USA

Janet Olusi, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, The Vital Nexus between Health Policies of African Governments and Women’s Economic Opportunities: Evidence from Nigeria

Joy Ezeilo, University of Nigeria at Enugu, Nigeria, Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights of Adolescent Girls in Nigeria: A Case Study of Four Local Government Areas in Enugu State

Elaine Roach, Florida International University, USA, The Design and Implementation of a “Vitamin A” Prevention and Treatment Program in the Republic of Yemen

Martha Banks, and Rosalie Ackerman, ABackans DCP, Inc., USA, Medication Concerns for African American Women: Gaps in the Research

Discussant: Sarah Rial Abushaka, American University in Cairo, Egypt

(VI-IV) Surviving Ailing Economies & the Law: Women’s Health at Risk (Room 232)

Chair: Ngozi Ojiakor, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

Jeanelle de Gruchy, and Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven, Cape Town, South Africa, Apartheid, Patriarchy, and Scientific Discourse: Women, Health, and Human Rights in South Africa

Shahnaaz Suffla, University of the Western Cape, South Africa, Experiences of Induced Abortion among a Group of Black South African Women

Nnenna Oke, Abia State Polytechnic, Nigeria, Economic Depression and Igbo Panegyric Ethos

Ngozi Ojiakor, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria, Women under Structural Adjustment

Program: A Study of the Socio-economic and Health Implications on Women in Igboland

Discussant: Dolana Mogadime, University of Toronto, Canada

(VI-V) Widowhood in Africa: Theoretical and Cultural Issues in Women’s Rights (Room 216)

Chair: Ada Azodo, Indiana University Northwest, USA

Pat Okoye, Women in Development Network, Nigeria, Violation of Rights and Violence against Women: The Case of Widowhood Practices

Pinkie Mekgwe, and Rudith King, University of Sussex, UK, Diseased Cultures: Food, Womanhood, and Widowhood

Chinyelu Ojukwu, University of Port-Harcourt, Nigeria, The Economic and Social Dimensions of Widowhood in Africa: A Critique

Ada Azodo, Indiana University Northwest, USA, After Marriage: Towards a Theory of Widowhood in Africa

Discussant: Helena Asamoah, University of Science & Technology-Kumasi, Ghana

(VI-VI) Writing Race, Gender, and the Diaspora: Conversations with Women Writers of African Descent (Room 236)

Sandra Jackson’opoku (USA), author of the award-winning novel, The River Where Blood Is Born, Chinyere Okafor (Nigeria), and Sekai Nzenza Shand (Zimbabwe)

SUNDAY, 7 : 30 P. M. – 10 : 00 P. M.

Performances

(VI-VII) Poetry Reading: Poetic Visions of Struggle, Strength, and Survival

(Lecture Hall–LE 100)

Moderator: Obioma Nnaemeka, Indiana University at Indianapolis, USA

Michael Mbabuike, Hostos College/CUNY, USA

Tanella Boni, Université d’Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Sekai Shand, World Vision Australia, Australia

Chimalum Nwankwo, North Carolina State University at Raleigh, USA

Fehintola Mosadomi, Tulane University, USA

Naana Banyiwa Horne, Indiana University at Kokomo, USA

Tawaina Hollis, Indiana University at Indianapolis, USA

Niama Williams, Temple University, USA

Chinyere Okafor, University of Swaziland, Swaziland

Fatou Sow, Dakar, Senegal

Donald Egbujor, S & T Management & Consultant Services, Mbabane, Swaziland

Kyama Kabadaki, Ball State University, USA

Pinkie Megkwe, University of Sussex, UK

MONDAY, 9 : 00 A. M. – 4 : 00 P. M.: REGISTRATION

SESSION VII

MONDAY, 8 : 15 A. M. – 10 : 15 A. M.

(VII-I) Religion, Spirituality, and Dimensions of Women’s Health & Rights (Room 236)

Chair: Sabine Jell-Bahlsen, Ogbuide Films, USA

Fatima Adamu, University of Bradford, UK & Usman Dan Fodiyo University, Nigeria, Household Bargaining and Women’s Health in Hausa Muslim Society of Northern Nigeria

Janie Canty-Mitchell, Indiana University at Indianapolis, USA, Spiritual, Cultural, and Religious Contexts of 19th Century African-American Writers: Parallels with African-American Women in the 20th Century

Margaret Umeagudosu, Raw Materials Research and Development Council, Nigeria, Women and Human Rights: Socio-cultural, Religious, Economic, and Political Manifestations in Nigeria

Sabine Jell-Bahlsen, Ogbuide Films, USA, Health and African Spirituality

Discussant: Romanus Muoneke, University of St. Thomas, Houston, USA

(VII-II) Building Bridges of Power: Women at the Grassroots (Room 226)

Chair: Cynthia Ellis, Belize Rural Women’s Association, Belize

Sheila Richardson, Northwestern University, USA, Performance, Activism, and Sisterhood: The Belize Rural Women’s Association’s Child Abuse Project in Drama

Chishamiso Rowley, University of Pittsburgh, USA, Working Together: The Role of Status Perceptions in Influencing Cooperation between Women Health Care Providers in Zimbabwe

Ange-Marie Hancock, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, Overcoming Willful Blindness: Building Egalitarian Multicultural Women’s Coalition

Cynthia Ellis and Anna Avila, Belize Rural Women’s Association, Belize, Caribbean Sisters Reaching across the Diaspora

Discussant: Shahnaaz Suffla, University of the Western Cape, South Africa

(VII-III) Cultural Dimensions of Women’s Rights and Health (Room 102)

Chair: Philomena Okeke-Ihejirika, University of Alberta, Canada

Ngozi Igwegbe, Medgar Evers College/CUNY, USA, Reflections on the Patriarchal Institution and Its Effect on Igbo Women of Southeastern Nigeria

Barbara Kalima, University of Zambia, Zambia, Women and Reproductive Health Rights in Zambia

Dara Seybold, Pottstown, PA, USA, Shaking the Pot: Food Beliefs and Nutritional Health among Wolof Women Farmers of Weynde, Senegal

Grace Kyomuhendo, Makerere University, Uganda, Women’s Right to Health Care: Social and Cultural Dimensions

Philomena Okeke-Ihejirika, University of Alberta, Canada, Women’s Rights as Human Rights: Reconfiguring “Tradition” in Contemporary African States

Discussant: Ugo Nwokeji, University of Toronto, Canada

(VII-IV) Film Screening (Room 223)

(VII-V) Roundtable IV—Widowhood in Africa: Envisioning Solutions and Mapping Strategies for the New Millennium (Room 216)

Moderator: Obioma Nnaemeka, Indiana University at Indianapolis, USA

Panelists: Chima Korieh, University of Adelaide, Australia

Rosy Chukwu, Widows Organization International, Nigeria

Uche Ewelukwa, Harvard University, USA

Doris Egonu, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria

Helena Asamoah, University of Science & Technology at Kumasi, Ghana

Pat Okoye, Women in Development Network, Nigeria

Scholastica Obenson, Ngozi, Cameroon

Ada Azodo, Indiana University Northeast, USA

(VII-VI) Workshop IV: Neuropsychological Concerns after Violence for African American Women (Room 232)

Organizers: Martha Banks and Rosalie Ackerman, ABackans DPC, Inc., Uniontown, USA

SESSION VIII

MONDAY, 10 : 30 A. M.- 12 : 30 P. M.

(VIII-I) Domestic Violence and the Law in Rural and Urban Contexts (Room 216)

Chair: Lola Ifaturoti, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Delia Olufokunbi, University of South Florida, USA, The Experience of Domestic Violence among Low-income African American Women: Health and Mental Health Correlates

Ply Khusi, University of Venda, South Africa, Gender Roles on Abuse of Rural Vhavenda Women: Implications for Nursing Education in South Africa

Mojisola Tiamiyu, University of Toledo, USA, Wife Battering amongst Workers in a Nigerian University: Prevalence, Nature, and Rights of Women

Lola Ifaturoti, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, A Cry for Help: Women, Domestic Violence and the Law in Nigeria

Discussant: Alice Hashim, University of Louisville, USA

(VIII-II) Polygamy, Prostitution, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Shifting Cultural Contexts in Changing Times (Room 232)

Chair: Ann Loux, St. Mary’s College, Notre Dame, USA

Adeline Apena, Sage Colleges, USA, Implications of Polygyny on Nigerian Women’s Health

Jacqueline Mosley, Tulane University, USA, Through the Lens of Female Circumcision: A Conceptual Approach to the Systemic Marginalization of Female Health

Francisca Omorodion, Women’s Health and Action Center, Nigeria, The Socio-cultural Context of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Benin City, Nigeria

Ann Loux, St. Mary’s College, Notre Dame, USA, From Polygamy to Prostitution: Why Young Women in Cameroon Fear the Future

Discussant: Dora Akunyili, Petroleum Trust Fund, Nigeria

(VIII-III) Imprison and Punish: Women of African Descent, Criminal Justice, and Human Rights (Room 223)

Chair: Pamela Wrenn, Men and Women in Prison Ministries, USA

Sekai Nzenza Shand, World Vision Australia, Australia, Take Me Back to the Village: African Women and the Dynamics of Health and Human Rights in Zimbabwe and Tanzania

Gertrude Fester, University of Cape Town, South Africa, The Spirit Cannot Be Caged: Women, Madness, and Mental Health

Ugo Nwokeji, University of Toronto, Canada, African Conceptions of Gender and the Slave Traffic

Doris Green, and Pamela Wrenn, Men and Women in Prison Ministries, USA, Incarcerated Women of the African Diaspora: How Have Our Queens Fallen?

Discussant: Ify Elebo, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

(VIII-IV) New Perspectives on Development: The Role of the Arts (Room 236)

Chair: Joyce Hope Scott, Wheelock College, USA

Clara Menakaya, University of Benin, Nigeria, Women, the Arts, and Human Survival

Niama Leslie Williams, Temple University, USA, What Do We Talk to Our Daughters about?: Passing on Wisdom, Love, and Mental Health via the Arts

Women’s Issues Communication Services Agency (WICSA), Nigeria, Mobilizing for Change: The Role of the Visual Arts in Promoting the Work of NGOs—The WISCA Experience

Joyce Hope Scott, USA, Using Theater to Promote Women’s Health in Burkina Faso

Discussant: Joyce Abunaw, City University of New York, USA

(VIII-V) Tradition, Marriage & Politics: Revisioning Women’s Rights & Health (Room 226)

Chair: Helen Chukwuma, University of Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

Chinyere Ojide, Abia State Newspaper and Publishing Company, Nigeria, Marriage: Ordeals of Aspiring Wives

Rose Acholonu, Imo State University at Owerri, Nigeria, Women in the African Novel and the Quest for Human Rights

Taiwo Makinde, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, The Military, Women, and Politics: Nigeria after Independence

Helen Chukwuma, University of Port-Harcourt, Nigeria, Marital Stress and Female Health in Literature by Selected African Women Writers

Discussant: Chioma Opara, Rivers State University of Science & Technology, Nigeria

(VIII-VI) Workshop V: Reproductive Rights for African Women—Strategies for Program Development (Room 102)

Organizers: Zeinab Eyega, RAINBO, USA and Bertrade Mbom, Lehman College/CUNY, USA

SESSION IX

MONDAY, 2 : 30 P. M. – 4 : 30 P. M.

(IX-I) Human Rights and Women’s Health in African Literature (Room 216)

Chair: Chinyere Okafor, University of Swaziland, Swaziland

Elizabeth Nwachukwu, University of Port-Harcourt, Nigeria, Silent Martyrdom: The Predicament of Women in Ezekiel Mphalele’s Down Second Avenue, Alex la Guma’s A Walk in the Night, and Peter Abraham’s Mine Boy

Tola Mosadomi, Tulane University, USA, Marriage, Women, and Tradition in Francophone African Plays: Guillaume Oyono Mbia’s Three Husbands and a Suitor

Chioma Opara, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria, Hunted, Haunted, and Handicapped: The Disabled Women in Ama Ata Aidoo’s Changes and Ngugi Wa Thiong’o’s Devil on the Cross

Chinyere Okafor, University of Swaziland, Swaziland, Off-Loading Paradigms as Antidote for Women’s Subordination: Study of Selected Southern African Texts

Discussant: Omofolabo Ajayi-Soyinka, University of Kansas, USA

(IX-II) Gender, Race & Human Rights Factors in Psychological & Mental Health

(Room 226)

Chair: Kyama Kabadaki, Ball State University, USA

Anna Strebel and Nokuthula Msomi, University of Western Cape, South Africa, Gender, Race, and Diagnosis: A Profile of Public Psychiatric Hospitals in the Western Cape, South Africa

Onyedinma Mogbo, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Assertive Training and Human Rights for the African Woman: A Clinical Psychology Perspective

Yvonne Braun, University of California at Irvine, USA, Lesotho’s White Gold: the Gendered Effects of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project

Kyama Kabadaki, Ball State University, USA, Mental Health Services for Women in Uganda

Discussant: Denise Hayes, Indiana University at Bloomington, USA

(IX-III) Roundtable IV—Human Rights and the International Community: The United Nations as Platform for Action (Room 236)

Moderator: George Edwards, Indiana University at Indianapolis, USA

Panelists: Uche Ewelukwa, Harvard Univarsity, USA

Sekai Nzenza Shand, World Vision, Australia

Joy Ezeilo, University of Nigeria at Enugu, Nigeria

Tobe Levin von Gleichen, Univ. of Maryland, USA & W-Goethe Univ., Germany

Linda Anyaegbu, Bayero University, Nigeria

Corrine Packer, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands

George Edwards, Indiana University at Indianapolis, USA

(IX-IV) Conflicts in Feminisms, Sexual Violence, and the Law (Room 232)

Chair: Rosalie Ackerman, ABackans DCP, Inc., USA

Joyce Lisbin, University of New Mexico, USA, Prevention of Nonconsensual Sex

Hannah Carew, Moi University, Kenya, Intra-personal Conflicts and the Health of Contemporary African Women and Girls

Gertrude Fester, University of Cape Town, South Africa, Fragments of Feminisms—Fact or Fiction?: Grassroots Women’s Organizations in South Africa and Culture of Human Rights for Women

Fatoumata Boly, Supreme Court-Bamako, Mali, Droit et coutume au Mali

Rosalie Ackerman, and Martha Banks, ABackans DCP, Inc., USA, Assessment and Treatment for Victims of Sexual Physical Violence: Women and Unacknowledged Head Injuries

Discussant: Loretta Feris, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa

(IX-V) Worshop VI: Traditional Medicine and Healing (Room 102)

Organizers: Julie Okpala, Florence Asobie, Chidi Ogwuaku, Bertha Obi, Joy Ezeilo, Nkechi Mbanefo, Doris Egonu, Teresa Namazzi, Dora Akunyili, Cynthia Ellis, Anna Avila, and Sabine Jell-Bahlsen

(IX-VI) Roundtable III—Gender, Health, and Human Rights in Francophone Africa (Room 223)

Moderator: Opportune Zongo, Bowling Green State University, USA

Panelists: H. E. Henriette Conté, First Lady of the Republic of Guinea

H. E. Mohamed Aly Thiam, Ambassdor of Guinea to the US, Brazil & Haiti

Henriette Rahantalalao, Minister of Health, Madagascar

Alice Tiendrébeogo, Le Ministre de la Promotion de la Femme, Burkina Faso

Noeline Jaotody, Minister of Population, Madagascar

Alice Razafinakanga, Minister of the Civil Service, Madagascar

Fatoumata Boly, Supreme Court, Mali

Yvette Monga, Johns Hopkins University, USA

Juliette Randriamihamison, Director General of Women’s Affairs, Madagascar

Nafissatou Sidibe-Diop, Johns Hopkins University, USA

Clairette Joseph Rakoto, Director of Women’s Affairs

MONDAY, 7 : 30 P. M. – 10 : 00 P. M.

(IX-VII) PLENARY SESSION: Facing the New Millennium: Righting the Wrongs, Reclaiming Our Rights—Conversations on Health & Human Rights Issues for Women of African Descent (Lecture Hall—LE 100)

Moderators: Helen Chukwuma, University of Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

Kathleen Geathers, Cleveland, USA

Panelists: Nawal El Saadawi, Egypt

Hlengiwe Mkhize, Truth and Reconciliation Commission, South Africa

Martha Banks, ABackans DCP, USA

Maryse Fontus, Center for Reproductive Law and Policy, USA

Emily Moore, Iowa State University, USA

Joy Ezeilo, Women in Nigeria, Nigeria

Lesley Huff, Cleveland, USA

Jeanelle de Gruchy, The Health & Human Rights Project, South Africa

Jean Kamau, Federation of Women Lawyers, Kenya

Juliet Seguya, Equator Women’s Development Society, Uganda

Mama Adokuwa-Asigble IV, Queen Mother of Tefle, N. C. C. E. Member, Ghana

Corinne Packer, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands

Sekai Shand, World Vision Australia, Australia

Cynthia Ellis, Belize Rural Women’s Association, Belize

SESSION X

TUESDAY, 7 : 30 A. M. – 9 : 30 A. M.

(X-I) Women and Work: The Future of the Family and Women’s Health

(Room 232)

Chair: Michael Mbabuike, Hostos College/CUNY, USA

Joseph Opefeyitimi, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, Gender and Health: Insights from the Exclusive Occupations of Yoruba Women

Felicia Abaronye, National Museum-Benin City, Nigeria, Perceiving Women’s Property rights in Ibibio Society (1900-1983): Historical and Legal Perspectives

Ada Azodo, Indiana University Northwest, USA, After Marriage: Towards a Theory of Widowhood in Africa

Alice Ndu, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria, Making It to the Top: A Health Hazard for Nigerian Women?

Anthonia Uzuegbnam, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Women and Management of Menopause Crisis: Igbo Women Example in Nigeria

Veronica Okeke, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Wife’s Employment and Family Health

Discussant: Chinelo Ezekwem-Nwankwu, Women in Nigeria, Nigeria

(X-II) Female Circumcision: Local Realities/International Contexts (Room 226)

Chair: Michelle Toering, Princeton University, USA

Kadidia Sidibé Aoudou , Association Malienne pour le Suivi et l’Orientation des Pratiques Traditionnelles (AMSOPT), Mali, Exposé sur les mutilations génitales féminines (MGF)

Okwuchi Obiefuna, Lagos Business School, Nigeria, Female Genital Mutilation in Africa: Past and Present Realities & Future Implications

Adenike Olaogun, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, The Psychosexual Implications of Female Genital Mutilation on Urhobo Women

Michelle Toering, Princeton University, USA, Traditional Practice vs. Human Rights: Female Circumcision and the International Community

Discussant: Stella Babalola, Johns Hopkins University, USA

(X-III) Women’s Work: Implications for Women’s Health and Rights

(Room 236)

Chair: Ngozi Egbue, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

Nkechi Mbanefo, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria, Adoption of Improved Palm Oil Processing technology by Nigerian Rural Women: Any Health Implications?

Carolyn Behrman, University of Akron, USA, Swazi Peri-Urban Working Women and Health

Maureen Ezeani, Enugu, Nigeria, Effects of Work and Leisure on Women’s Health: A Case Study of Lysoka Women of Southwestern Cameroon

Ngozi Egbue, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria, Women’s Work and Its Implications for Human rights and Health

Discussant: Uzo Ezeunala, CTA, The Netherlands

(X-IV) Workshop VII: African-American Women as Models and Sources of Empowerment in Reducing the Risks Associated with Chronic Heart Disease in our Families and Communities (102)

Organizers: Patricia Goggans, University of Arizona, and Denise Hayes, Indiana University at Bloomington, USA

(X-V) Annual Meeting of the Association of African Women Scholars (Room 216)

(X-VI) Film Screening (Room 223)

TUESDAY, 9 : 45 A. M. – NOON

(XI) Town Meeting: Women, Africa/African Diaspora and the Future of WAAD Conference (Auditorium)

Moderators: Julie Okpala, University of Nigeria at Nsukka, Nigeria

Helena Asamoah, University of Science and Technology, Ghana

CLOSING CEREMONY


PARTICIPANTS

Felicia Abaraonye (X-I)
Joyce Abunaw (IV-II, VIII-IV)
Sarah Abushaka (III-II, VI-III)
Rose Acholonu (IV-V, VIII-V)
Florence Achonu
Rosalie Ackerman (VI-III, VII-VI, IX-IV)
Fatima Adamu (V-III, VII-I)
Adetokunbo Adekeye-Abimbola (V-III)
Mama Adokuwa-Asigble (I-I, V-III, IX-VII)
Ebele Agada
Omofolabo Ajayi-Soyinka (II-V, IX-I)
Ngozi Ajuonu (II-II)
Margaret Akinsuyi
Felicia Akubue (V-III)
Dora Akunyili (VIII-II, IX-V)
Olawale Albert (IV-IV, V-VI, IV-II)
George Alemnji (I-IV)
Charlotte Anokwa (II-II)
Linda Anyaegbu (I-I, VII-V)
Chikezie Anyanwu (I-IV, IV-III, V-VI)
Sidibé Aoudou (X-II)
Adeline Apena (VIII-II)
Helena Asamoah (III-I, VI-V, IX-III, X-VI)
Joy Ashibuogwu (II-VI, VIII-IV)
Florence Asobie (I-IV, VII-VI, IX-V)
Anna Avila (VII-II, IX-VII)
Ada Azodo (II-III, IV-I, VI-V, IX-III)
Stella Babalola (I-III, X-II)
Eetiyah Baht-Israel (I-II)
Michele Balamani (III-III)
Kerstin Bällgren
Oluyemisi Bamgbose (IV-IV)
Martha Banks (VI-III, VII-VI, IX-VII, X-IV)
Rae Banks (II-IV)
Joanne Banks-Wallace
Alice Bassey
Carolyn Behrman (X-III)
Elisabeth Bekers (V-I)
Trude Bennett (I-VI)
Carol Black (V-II)
Lisa Bohmer
Fatoumata Boly (IX-IV)
Elias Bongmba (III-VI, V-VI)
Tanella Boni (VI-VII)
Silvia Bonilla Gurolla (III- VI, VI-II)
Romy Borooah
Lisa Boyd (II-IV)
Yar Bratcher
Yvonne Braun (IX-II)
Vanessa Brown Allen
Janie Canty-Mitchell (II-IV, III-IV, VII-I)
Hannah Carew (IX-IV)
Rosy Chukwu (II-III, IX-III)
Helen Chukwuma (VIII-V, IX-VII)
Augustella Clay (II-IV)
Henriette Conté
Osei Darkwa (I-III, III-IV, IV-II, V-VI)
Blessing Diala
Pamela Donald-Riddick
Julia Duany (II-I)
Jane During
Florence Duru
Marie Eboh (IV-III)
Lisa Eckenwiler (II-IV)
George Edwards (VII-V)
Ngozi Egbue (X-III)
Donald Egbujor (V-VI, VI-VII)
Doris Egonu (II-III, VII-V, IX-V)
Edith Ejoh (I-V)
Elizabeth Eke (III-V)
Arlene Elder
Amy Elder
Ifeoma Elebo (II-III, VIII-III)
Cynthia Ellis (VII-II, IX-VII)
Chike Emma-Agim (I-IV)
Ebele Ene (IV-III)
Gwendolyn Etter-Lewis (V-IV)
Uche Ewelukwa (III-I, IV-IV, VII-V, IX-III)
Cynthia Eyakuze (IV-III, V-II)
Zeinab Eyega (V-I, VIII-VI)
Maureen Ezeani
Joy Ezeilo (I-V, V-V, VI-III, VII-VI, IX-VII)
Chinelo Ezekwem-Nwankwu (X-I)
Uzo Ezeunala (X-III)
Nkoli Ezuma (VI-I)
Bode-Law Faleyimu
Loretta Feris (IV-III, IX-IV)
Gertrude Fester (VIII-III, IX-IV)
Maryse Fontus (IV-III, IX-VII)
Mary Fowler (V-V)
Kathleen Geathers (IX-VII)
Dorie Gilbert-Martinez (I-III, III-IV, IV-II)
Galina Gittens
Patricia Goggans (II-IV, VII-IV)
Kisanga Gray (III-IV)
Jacqualyn Green (III-V)
Doris Green (VIII-III)
Jeanelle Gruchy de (VI-IV, IX-VII)
Asma Halim
Sako Hamidé
Ange-Marie Hancock (VII-II)
Alice Hashim (II-I, VIII-I)
Denise Hayes (IX-II)
Patricia Hill Collins
Peter Hitchcock (II-I, III-VI)
Dee Holliday
Tawaina Hollis (VI-VII)
Naana Horne Banyiwa (II-V, VI-VII, III-I)
Lady June Hubbard
Lesley Huff (IX-VII)
Nancy Hunt (II-V)
Anna Huston (III-IV)
Ngozi Ibezim
Titilola Ifaturoti (VIII-I)
Onyeka Ifi
Ngozi Igwegbe (IV-II, VII-III)
Folasade Iyun (VI-I)
Kim Jaffee (VI-I)
Noeline Jaotody (IX-VI)

Sabine Jell-Bahlsen (VII-I, IX-V)
Norma Jenckes
Brenda Jones (III-VI, IV-VI)
Kyama Kabadaki (VI-VII, IX-II)
Barbara Kalima (I-I, VII-III)
Jean Kamau (V-II, IX-VII)
Violet Kanouhwa (III-III)
Chinye Keshi
Ply Khusi (VIII-I)
Rudith King (VI-V)
Mary Kolawale (V-IV, VI-I)
Chioma Konyeshi
Chima Korieh (IV-I, V-VI, IX-III)
Olufemi Kujore (III-III)
Grace Kyomuhendo (VII-III)
Claudia Landini (I-II)
Mary Lania
Lola Laniyan (IV-VI)
Tobe Levin von Gleichen (I-I, VII-V)
Joyce Lisbin (IX-IV)
Ann Loux (VIII-II)
  Uzoamaka Maduka
Taiwo Makinde (VIII-V)
Maureen Malowany
Ntombifikile Mazibuko
Michael Mbabuike (III-II, V-VI, VI-VII, X-I)
Chioma Mbadiwe
Nkechi Mbanefoh (I-V, II-II, X-IV)
Bertrade Mbom (VIII-VI)
Shannell McGoy
Pinkie Mekgwe (VI-V, VI-VII)
Clara Menakaya (VIII-IV)
Hlengiwe Mkhize (IX-VII)
Dolana Mogadime (V-IV, VI-IV)
Onyedinma Mogbo (I-III, IX-II)
Yvette Monga (I-II, IX-VI)
Emily Moore (IV-VI, IX-VII)
Tola Mosadomi (VI-VII, IX-I)
Kushatha Mosieyane
Jacqueline Mosley (VIII-II)
Nokuthula Msomi (IX-II)
Helen Mugambi (III-III)
Romanus Muoneke (III-II, V-VI, VII-I)
Ada Muotoe-Okafor (I-IV)
Basilida Mutoro (I-III)
Margaret Muwonge (III-III, V-IV)
Esther Mwaikambo
Teresa Namazzi (III-III, V-IV)
Alice Ndu (X-I)
Nwamaka Ndukwe
Phillip Ndukwe
Joel Nicholson (I-II)
Obioma Nnaemeka (VI-VII, IX-III)
Elizabeth Nwachukwu (IX-I)
Irene Nwachukwu (III-V)
Chimalum Nwankwo (V-VI, VI-VII)
Ugo Nwokeji (VII-III, VIII-III)
Nwokoli
Prudence Nwobi (IV-V)
Ngozi Nwodo (IV-II)
Uchenna Nwosu
Uchenna Nzewi (IV-V, VI-II)
Scholastica Obenson (III-I, IX-III)
Besem Obenson (I-II)
Bertha Obi (IX-V)
Jeremiah Obidiegwu (III-I)
Sarah Obidiegwu (I-V, IV-I)
Okwuchi Obiefuna (X-II)
Joy Obika (IV-IV)
Obiageli Obikwelu
Michael Obinna (V-III)
A. Odebiyi (IV-VI)
Agnes Odejide (VI-I)
Ifeyinwa Ofong
Joy Ogbazi (II-I, IV-VI, I-V)
Elsie Ogbonna-Ohuche (III-V, VI-II)|
Catherine Ogbuefi (III-I, I-V)
Chidi Ogwuaku (I-V, IX-V)
Ngozi Ojiakor (IV-I, VI-IV)
Chinyere Ojide (VIII-V)
Chinyelu Ojukwu (III-I, VI-V)
Chinyere Okafor (VI-VI, VI-VII, IX-I)
Nnenna Oke (VI-IV)
Elizabeth Okeke (VI-II)
Veronica Okeke (X-I)
Philomena Okeke-Ihejirika (VII-III)
Juliet Okolo
Pat Okoye (II-III, VI-V, IX-III)
Julie Okpala (II-V, IX-V, X-VI)
Offiong Okpo
Erna Olafson
Adenike Olaogun (X-II)
Delia Olufokunbi (VIII-I)
Janet Olusi (IV-V, VI-III)
Francisca Omorodion (I-III, VIII-II)
Nkiru Onono (II-VI, VIII-IV)
Chioma Opara (VIII-V, IX-I)
Ayo Opefeyitimi (II-II, V-VI, X-I)
Catherine Oreh (VI-I)
Pat O’Reilly
Nneka Osakwe (IV-II)
Ofure Osehobo
Mabel Otolorin (II-VI, VIII-IV)
Betty Owsley
Corinne Packer (V-I, VII-V, IX-VII)
Tola Pearce (III-III)
Tristine Perkins
Mona Phillips (IV-V)
Mary Anne Pitman
Pamela Pleasance
Marya Plotkin (V-V)
Jennifer Potts
Aurore Ragston
Henriette Rahantalalao (IX-VI)
Catherine Raissiguier (III-II)
Clairette Rakoto Joseph (IX-VI)
Juliette Randriamihamison (IX-VI
Yannick Raymond
Alice Razafinakanga (IX-VI)
Sheila Richardson (VII-II)
Elaine Roach (VI-III)
Chishamiso Rowley (VII-II)
Simonne Ruff (II-I)

Nawal Saadawi El (IX-VII)
Joyce Hope Scott (VIII-IV)
Juliet Seguya (IX-VII)
Robin Sheets
Dara Seybold (VII-III)
Sekai Shand Nzenza (VI-VI, VI-VII, VII-V, VIII-III, IX-VII)
Nafissatou Sidibé-Diop (IX-VI)
Cheryl Smith (IV-IV)
Pamela Smith (II-V)
Funmi Soetan (II-II)
Fatou Sow (VI-VII)
Peyi Soyinka-Airewele
Anna Strebel (IX-II)
Shahnaaz Suffla (VI-IV, VII-II)
Inez Sutton (III-IV, V-II)
Aïcha Tamboura (I-II)
Somaia Tayeb El (V-I)
Janette Taylor
Mohamed Thiam Aly
Mojisola Tiamiyu (VIII-I)
Alice Tiendrébeogo (IX-VI)
Michelle Toering (X-II)
Lillian Ubuane
Dorothy Udoh (VI-II)
Margaret Umeagudosu (VII-I
Elsie Umeano (III-V)
Davidson Umeh (I-III, IV-I, V-VI)
Ijeuru Uzoma
Anthonia Uzuegbunam (X-I)
Linnea Vacca
Nguyen Van
Dana Vannoy
Sandra Vaughn
Margaret Wagah (V-II)
Grace Wambwa (I-I)
Kate Webster (III-V, V-III)|
Niama Williams (VI-VII, VIII-IV)
Kathleen Wininger (III-VI)
Sergut Wolde-Yohannes (III-II)
Nida Worku
Pamela Wrenn (VIII-III)
Assata Zerai (II-IV)
Opportune Zongo (IV-I, IX-VI)
Guillaume Zounlome (V-I)


PARTICIPATING COUNTRIES


Australia
Bangladesh
Belgium
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Cameroon
Canada
Egypt
Gambia
Germany
Ghana
India

Italy
Ivory Coast
Kenya
Madagascar
Mali
Morocco
Netherlands
Nigeria
Norway
Pakistan
Sao Tome & Principe
Senegal

South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Tanzania
Togo
Uganda
United Kingdom
United States of America
Vietnam
Zimbabwe


PARTICIPATING ORGANIZATIONS

Association Malienne pour le Suivi et L’Orientation des Pratiques
Traditionnelles (A. M. S. O. P. T)—Mali
Alianca Nacional Das ACM-YMCA—Sao Tome & Principe
Amnesty International—Togo
AVSC International—USA
British Institute in Eastern Africa—Kenya
Center for Reproductive Law and Policy—USA
Center for Rural Development and Co-Operatives—Nigeria
Center for Women and Adolescent Empowerment—Nigeria
Center for Women’s Studies, University of Cincinnati—USA
CIEPAC—Senegal
Equator Women’s Development Society—Uganda
Federation of Women Lawyers—Kenya
Grassroots Studies Network (GSN)—Nigeria
Inter-African Committee (IAC) on Traditional Practices affecting
Health of Women & Children—Switzerland
Language Intervention Associates (LIASSO)—Nigeria
Management Development Institute—The Gambia
Medical Research Council—South Africa
Men and Women in Prison Ministries—USA
Mouvement de la Jeunesse Euro-Méditérranéenne—Morocco
National Association of Democratic Lawyers (NADEL)—South Africa
National Council of Women—Kenya
Nigerian Association of University Women (NAUW-Abuja Chapter)—Nigeria
NISER—Nigeria
OWACID—Nigeria
Pacific Institute for Women’s Health—USA
Radio Gambia—The Gambia
Reproductive Health Matters—UK
Research Action and Information Network for Bodily Integrity of Women (RAINBO)—USA
SADAOC—Burkina Faso
Sindh Rural Women’s Uplift Group—Pakistan
Southern African Regional Institute for Policy Studies (SAPES)—Zimbabwe
Tam Tam Femme—Italy
Truth and Reconciliation Commission—South Africa
UNESCO Center for Non-formal Education of Vietnam (UCNEV)—Vietnam
Widows Organization International—Nigeria
Women and Human Rights Documentation Center—South Africa
Women Education and Development Association (WEDA)—Nigeria
Women in Nigeria—Nigeria
Women’s Health and Action Research Center (WHARC)—Nigeria
Women’s Health Promotion Project (WHPP)—Nigeria
Women in Development-Network (WID-N)—Nigeria
Women’s Issues Communication Services Agency (WICSA)—Nigeri
Women’s Research and Documentation Center (WORDOC)—Nigeria
Women’s Studies Program, University of Nigeria—Nigeria



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